黄涛考研英语词义理解

黄涛考研英语词义理解

第五节 词义理解的方法

英语的理解和运用,并不总是在于词汇量的大小,而跟基本词汇的灵活运用息息相关。从语

言学的角度看:No context, no words, thus no meaning。也就是说,脱离上下文,就不能

断然说一个词是什么意义,只有结合语境,才能确定在此时此地词义是什么。非要拿所背的

一个词义去死套句子,违反语言本身的规律,会在考研英语中碰得头破血流。例如:

The rats developed bacterial infections of the blood, as if their immune systems had

crashed.

考研英语复习,一定要培养通过语境猜测词义的意识和习惯。个别词不认识并无大碍,有时

遇到生词还要学会跳过去。根据上下文这一线索努力寻找词与词之间的某种联系或关系不失

为一个很有效的方法。比如:释义、同义、反义关系等。

一.Finding out Word Meanings

Most experienced readers try to guess or make out the meaning of unfamiliar(不熟

悉的)words through Context clues(上下文提示). In order to make meaning clear, good

writers often provide or give such clues for readers. It is always a good idea to

learn the different kinds of clues you might come across in your reading.

Here are some of the context clues that people can often find in their reading.

1. Some sentences set off the definition(释义)for a difficult word by using

punctuation.(标点符号)

2. Sometimes helping words, along with punctuation, provide important clues.

3. Some sentences tell the opposite of what a new word means. From its opposite,

you can figure out the meaning of the word.

4. Sometimes you can use your own experiences to figure out the definition of

a word.

5. Sentences before or after a sentence that has a difficult word sometimes

explain the meaning of the word.

6. Some sentences are written just to give the definitions of the difficult

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