复合式听写历年真题

复合式听写历年真题(06.12-10.06)

复合式听写专项练习(历年真题)

1.

You probably have noticed that people express similar ideas in different ways depending on the situation they are in. This is very _______ (36). All languages have two general levels of _____ (37): a formal level and an informal level. English is no _________ (38). The difference in these two levels is the situation in which you use a __________ (39) level.

Formal language is the kind of language you find in textbooks, __________ (40) books and in business letters. You would also use formal English in compositions and ________ (41) that you write in school. Informal language is used in conversation with __________ (42), family members and friends, and when we write ________ (43) notes or letters to close friends.

Formal language is different from informal language in several ways. First, formal language tends to be more polite. _____________________________________________________(44). For example, I might say to a friend or a family member ―Close the door, please‖, __________________________________________________________________

(45)?‖ Another difference between formal and informal language is some of the vocabulary. ________________________________________________________________ (46). Let’s say that I really like soccer. If I am talking to my friend, I might say ―I am just crazy about soccer‖, but if I were talking to my boss, I would probably say ―I really enjoy soccer‖.

2

Students’ pressure sometimes comes from their parents. Most parents are well (36) ________, but some of them aren’t very helpful with the problems their sons and daughters have in (37) ________ to college, and a few of them seem to go out of their way to add to their children’s difficulties.

For one thing, parents are often not (38) ________ of the kinds of problems their children face. They don’t realize that the (39) ________ is keener, that the required (40) ________ of work are higher, and that their children may not be prepared for the change. (41) ________ to seeing A’s and B’s on high school report cards, they may be upset when their children’s first (42) ________ college grades are below that level. At their kindest, they may gently (43) ________ why John or Mary isn’t doing better, whether he or she is trying as hard as he or she should, and so on. (44) ________________________________.

Sometimes parents regard their children as extensions of themselves and (45) ________________________________. In their involvement and identification with their children, they forget that everyone is different and that each person must develop in his or her own way. They forget that their children, (46) ________________________________.

3

More and more of the word’s population are living in towns or cities. The speed at which cities are growing in the less developed countries is (36) ______. Between 1920 and 1960 big cities in developed countries (37) ______two and a half times in size, but in other parts of the world the growth was eight times their size.

They (38) ______size of growth is bad enough, but there are now also very (39) _____signs of trouble in the (40) ______of percentages of people living in towns and percentages of people working in industry. During the nineteenth century cities grew as a result of the growth of industry. In Europe the (41) _______of people living in cities was always smaller than that of the (42) _______working in factories. Now, however, the (43) _______is almost always true in the newly industrialized world: (44) __________________________________.

Without a base of people working in industry, these cities cannot pay for their growth ;( 45) __________________________________________________. There has been little opportunity to build water supplies or other facilities. (46) ______________________________________ a growth in the number of hopeless and despairing parents and starving children.

4

We’re now witnessing the emergence of an advanced economy based on information and knowledge. Physical (36) ___, raw materials, and capital are no longer the key (37) ____ in the creation of wealth. Now, the (38) ____ raw material in

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