a bit等于a little吗?

a bit等于?a little吗?

■山东刘永科

最近,有网友给我留言说:

有本教辅书上讲:?a bit和a little是一对同义词,可以互换使用。但我最近碰到这样两个句子:

①?I’m n ot a bit tired, so I needn’t have a rest.

②?Tom’s mother couldn’t sleep well recently. She was n ot a little worried about Tom’s health.

两个词组在加了?n ot后,意思好像大不相同,请问这是怎么回事?

a bit和a little 在意思上非常相似,都表示“一点点,有点儿”之意。它们用作副词,表达“程度”时,修饰动词、形容词、副词、介词短语或比较级,意思相同,可以互换。例如: He is a bit like his father.

He is a little l ike his father.

他有点像他的父亲。

The speaker spoke a bit louder in order to make himself heard more clearly.

The speaker spoke a little louder in order to make himself heard more clearly.

讲话人把嗓门提高了一点儿,以便让别人听得更清楚。

但是,在下列情况下,它们是有区别的:

1.当它们用作定语,表达“数量”时,?a bit后要加?o f,a little 则不用。例如:

She ate a bit of bread for lunch.

She ate a little bread for lunch.

她午饭就吃了一点点面包。

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