BBC的德语初级学习资料

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Simple introductions

There are two handy phrases to know when meeting people:

Sind Sie ...? Are you ...? Ich bin ... I am ...

By adding a name after each phrase, you can form a simple question or answer

Saying 'my'

In German, there are different ways to say my, depending on who you're talking about.

When you're talking about a man, you use mein.

When you're talking about a woman you use meine.

Here are some examples

Das ist meine Frau. This is my wife.

Das ist meine Tochter. This is my daughter.

Das ist mein Mann. This is my husband.

Das ist mein Sohn. This is my son.

Das ist mein Freund. This is my (male) friend.

Das ist mein Kollege This is my (male) colleague.

Saying 'your'

Ihr is a very common word in German, and can have several meanings.

It can mean your when addressing someone formally. In this case it's always written with a capital letter

When addressing someone informally, you use dein.

Wo wohnt Ihr Freund, Herr Paul? Where does your friend live, Mr Paul?

Wo wohnt dein Freund, Heike? Where does your friend live, Heike?

It can be used as an informal you when referring to more than one person. The verb will end with -t.

Kommst du? Are you coming? (one person, informal)

Kommt ihr? Are you coming? (more than one person, informal)

Finally, ihr can be used to mean her or their. The meaning is obvious from the context. Das ist Claudia. Peter ist ihr Freund. This is Claudia. Peter is her friend.

Hier wohnen Peter und Claudia. Das ist ihr Haus This is where Peter and Claudia live. This is their house.

Ihr means your (formal) and ihr can mean her or their. Click on 'Start the activity' and use these words correctly to finish the phrase. You'll need to drag the right one into the gap.

Saying 'you'

Every time you talk to someone in German, you'll need to know which word for you to use, du or Sie.

You use du for people with whom you're on first-name terms, such as family, close friends and children. Du is also used in informal situations, in particular among young people.

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