考点跟踪训练8 疑问句、祈使句、陈述句、感叹句

考点跟踪训练8疑问句、祈使句、陈述句、感叹句

基础巩固

Ⅰ.单项选择

( )1. —Hi, Lana.________ are you going for you r vacation?

—I think I’m going to Shanghai.

A. How

B. Why

C. When

D. Where

答案:D

解析:考查疑问副词。答句为地点,故应询问“哪儿”。故选D。

( )2. —________ do you have an Art Festival in your school?

—Once a year.

A. How long

B. How often

C. How far

D. How soon

答案:B

解析:考查疑问副词。how long 指时间或长度,意为“多长”;how often 指频率,“多久一次”;how far 指距离,路程,“多远”;how soon 指时间“多久,多快”,

常用于将来时。根据答句每年一次,表示频率。故选B。

( )3. —________ is that man over there?

—He is Dick’s uncle.

A. Where

B. What

C. Who

D. Which

答案:C

解析:考查疑问词辨析。由答语句意“他是迪克的叔叔”可推测上句对人进行提问。排除A、B、D,故选C。

( )4. —________ today!

—Yes. Shall we have a picnic in the open air?

A. What fine weather is

B. How fine weather it is

C. What a fine weather it is

D. How fine the weather is

答案:D

解析:考查感叹句。感叹句的构成为:What+形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词+(主语+谓语);What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数+(主语+谓语);How+形容词或副词+(主语+谓语)。故选D。

( )5. ________useful information you’ve told us!

A. What

B. What a

C. What an

D. How

答案:A

解析:考查感叹句。information为不可数名词,故结构为what+形容词+不可数名词。

故选A。

( )6. E-mail is very popular today. People hardly post letters, ________?

A. did they

B. do they

C. didn’t they

D. don’t they

答案:B

解析:考查反意疑问句。hardly“几乎不”,其反意疑问句用肯定句,其前半部分是一般现在时态,故反意疑问句的问句也应用一般现在时。故选B。

( )7. —________ is it to your home town from here?

—Well, it takes a little over three hours to get there b y coach.

A. How soon

B. How much

C. How long

D. How far

答案:D

解析:考查疑问副词。对距离提问用how far“多远”,故选D。

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