初中英语定语从句讲解+试题策略答案

1

在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。

定语从句所修饰的词 叫先行词。 定语从句放在先行词后面。定语从句分为限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句。本章只介绍限定性定语从句。引导定语从句的词有关系代词that、which、who、 which、 whose和关系副词where 、when,关系代词和关系副词是引导词, 在定语从句中担当某一成份。

关系代词和关系副词的作用:

先行词指物时, 关系代词用that 或which(在句中作主语或宾语)。

如:China is a country which / that has a large population.

The computer game which/ that he is playing is his favorite.

先行词指人时, 关系代词用(who)作主语或宾语,whom (作宾语),whose (作定语),that (作主语或宾语)。 如:

The man who is mending the machine has been retired.

This is the policeman who/ whom they were talking about yesterday.

I like the girl whose mother is an actor.

注意:下列情况下关系代词只用that 而不用which 或 who。

先行词是指物的不代词,如:all, little, few, much, none, anything, nothing, everything等时。如:I didn't understand the words all that he said.

2.先行词由最高级、序数词以及any, very, only, all, no, just 等所修饰。如:This is the most beautiful place that I have been to .

行词既包括人,也包括物。如:They always like to talk about the man and the things that they see on the road.

当主句是以which 或who 开头的特殊疑问句时。如:who is the man that opened up the lab.

例题解析:举一反三,学的更轻松!

He is a friend ______ can help you in time of need.

A. who he B. whose C. / D. who

解析:引导词在定语从句中做主语,指人。 应选D 。

The most important thing ______ we should pay attention to is the first thing ______ I have said.

A. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that, that

解析:先行词前有序数词, 最高级时,引导次只能用 that. 应选D.

This is the only one of these books that ______worth reading.

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