《英文新闻写作》考试复习资料答案

Journalism Glossary

四、名词解释(共5小题,每小题3分,共计15分。)

Agenda-setting: a theory of mass communication suggesting news media influence audiences through the choice of stories to cover and space or time given them; thus, media determine which issues people should think about.

Anchors: newscasters who host news broadcasts.

Body: the main part or central information of a news story following the lead.

By-line: A line at the beginning of some writing in a newspaper or magazine giving the writer’s name.

Citizen journalist: the rapid rise of Internet technology, in particular blogging, tweeting and social networking, have empowered persons without professional training to function sometimes as journalists feeding information to mass media. These practitioners now are known as a distinct category -- citizen journalists.

Column: an article in which a writer or columnist gives an opinion on a topic

Dateline refers to the city from which a news story originates. It usually comes right at the start of the story.

Editor: the person who "edits" a story by revising and polishing; the person whose job is to approve copy when it comes in and to make decisions about what is published in a newspaper or magazine.

Editorial: an article expressing a newspaper or magazine owner's or editor's position on an issue.

Feature writing: journalistic writing covering people, places and events in greater depth and with less timeliness than an immediate hard news story.

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